South Africa’s HIV epidemic is very different today from what it was in the early 2000s. The most obvious change is that due to the provision of antiretroviral treatment people with HIV are living longer. Let’s be clear, far too many people still die of HIV-related causes (around 68 000 in 2019), but the time of multiple funerals every weekend of people who died of AIDS is over and life-expectancy has recovered from a low of 53 in 2004 to over 66 today.
In Uganda, the prevalence of HIV among adolescents is 8.3% in females and 6.3% in males, respectively. Both of these statistics are higher than Uganda’s national prevalence of 6%. Previous studies have examined Ugandan HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes, but have largely focused on adult perceptions.
The program to distribute antiretroviral drugs to people living with HIV/AIDS in Brazil is known to be one of the most universal, successful programs of its kind in the world. Experts, however, say other HIV/AIDS prevention programs may be threatened by the current government of President Jair Bolsonaro.